• ARES E-Letter

    From Sean Dennis@1:18/200 to All on Wed Apr 17 22:42:16 2019
    The ARES E-Letter

    Published by the American Radio Relay League ********************************************

    April 17, 2019

    Editor: Rick Palm, K1CE <k1ce@arrl.net>


    On Monday, Ohio Section Manager Scott Yonally, N8SY, reported the
    following: "We had an EF-2 [indicates wind speeds of 113-157 mph]
    tornado come through and tear up the small city of Shelby, about 100
    miles north of Dayton, Ohio. The tornado was on the ground for
    approximately six minutes, traveling 17 miles and had a width of one
    half-mile. We had only six injuries and no deaths, due in part to the ARES/SKYWARN operations involved in getting observations to the
    Cleveland Weather Office in enough time so that warnings were issued
    about 10 minutes prior to the tornado actually touching down.

    "Richland County ARES was then called to the scene to assist with communications and security watch until around midnight when the
    electric company had restored power lines and secured roads until
    daylight when operations would resume. An After Action Report will be
    filed in the near future."

    Images, video and audio of the event can be found on the section's
    website here <http://arrl-ohio.org/shelby-tornado.html>.


    - Just In: Shelby, Ohio Tornado Brings ARES/SKYWARN Response
    - ARRL National Convention at Dayton Hamvention?: Essentials for ARES? Community
    - ARES Links, Briefs
    - "Bomb Cyclone," and Flooding Responses: Colorado and Nebraska
    - Personnel Changes to the ARRL Public Service Enhancement Working
    Group; Issues to be Considered
    - Letters: Expecting Great Things from the New ARES Plan
    - Florida Section Emergency Coordinators Meet with State Communication
    - Letters: Tip for Passing the Basic FEMA ICS Courses
    - ARRL Section News
    - K1CE For a Final: Bill Santelmann, N1AU, SK


    The ARRL National Convention at Dayton Hamvention is next month, May
    17-19, 2019, and will feature ARRL Expo and a number of exhibits,
    forums and presentations of special interest to the amateur public
    service and emergency communications communities. The event is the
    largest of its kind in the world, and will be held at the Greene County Fairgrounds and Expo Center, 120 Fairground Road, Xenia, Ohio. Official websites are:

    ? www.hamvention.org <http://www.hamvention.org/>

    ? www.arrl.org/expo <http://www.arrl.org/expo>

    Great Opportunity for Serious Training: AUXCOMM Course To be Held Pre-Hamvention -- Register Now

    The US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Returns to Provide
    Auxiliary Communications (AUXCOMM) Training in Conjunction with
    Hamvention 2019 -- The Emergency Communications Division (ECD) of DHS's Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) will be on hand
    at Hamvention 2019 to conduct its nationally recognized NIMS/ICS
    compliant AuxComm course. Over 2,500 Amateur Radio operators from
    around the country have taken this course. The course purpose is to
    train qualified amateurs to assist their local, county and state
    governments with emergency backup communications. The course introduces
    the auxiliary communicator to the other positions within the
    Communications Unit (COMU) and how to provision emergency
    communications in a public safety context. The course also goes deeper
    into the National Incident Management System framework. The location of
    the course is the Courtyard by Marriott in Beavercreek, Ohio, May
    14-16. Registration for this class may close early when all available
    seats are taken.

    Registration for this course is ongoing: Students wishing to attend the
    DHS Auxiliary Communications (AuxComm) Course must meet all
    prerequisites and provide electronic/scanned images of the required
    documents prior to May 1, 2019. More info here
    <https://hamvention.org/auxcomm/ >.

    Dayton Forums of Interest to ARES Members

    Friday, May 17:

    Homeland Security -- John Peterson (from DHS/OEC) 12:00-1:50 Room 1

    MARS, the Military Auxiliary Radio System -- Paul English, WD8DBY,
    10:25-11:25 Room 2

    National Weather Service -- Brandon Peloquin 1:10-2:30 Room 2

    ARRL Public Service Communications: Panel Discussion -- 2:25-3:40 Room

    SHARES HF EMCOMM, the Federal government's HF radio system -- Ross
    Merlin, WA2WDT 9:15-10:15 Room 4

    Saturday, May 18:

    AREDN, the Amateur Radio Emergency Data Network -- Andre Hansen, K6AH, 1:50-3:20 Room 2

    SATERN, the Salvation Army Team Emergency Radio Network -- Bill Feist,
    WB8BZH, 11:45-1:00 Room 5

    Sunday, May 19:

    Power and Energy for the Ham -- Bob Bruninga, WB4APR 10:30-11:30 Room 1

    Tornado Alert -- Mickey Lee 9:15-10:15 Room 3

    This year's ARRL National Convention at Dayton Hamvention promises to
    be one of the major gatherings of emergency/disaster response/public
    event communicators in the country. I am looking forward to meeting and greeting readers of the ARRL ARES E-Letter this year. See you there!


    The National Hurricane Conference, featuring Amateur Radio Sessions, is
    next week: Amateur Radio will be represented at the 2019 National
    Hurricane Conference <http://www.hurricanemeeting.com/>, April 22 - 25
    in New Orleans. "Improving Hurricane Preparedness" is the traditional conference theme. A series of free Amateur Radio sessions will take
    place on Tuesday, April 23, starting at 10:30 AM and continuing until 5
    PM. Presenters will offer an overview of their respective organizations
    and discuss actions taken during the significant hurricanes of 2017 and
    2018. More info here: Amateur Radio Sessions Set for 2019 National
    Hurricane Conference <http://www.arrl.org/news/amateur-radio-sessions-set-for-2019-national-hurrican e-conference>

    ARRL President Commends Amateur Radio's Volunteer Public Service Role
    during National Volunteer Week <http://www.arrl.org/news/arrl-president-commends-amateur-radio-s-volunteer-pub lic-service-role-during-national-volunteer-wee


    Department of Defense to Transmit Interoperability Exercise Info via
    WWV/WWVH <http://www.arrl.org/news/department-of-defense-to-transmit-interoperability-ex ercise-info-via-wwv-wwvh>

    National VOAD Conference 2019, May 6-9, Nashville, Tennessee -- The
    National Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster (NVOAD) Conference <https://www.nvoad.org/voadevents/> is unique in that it brings
    together volunteers, practitioners, and experts across disaster relief
    sectors. Professionals and volunteers in the emergency management field
    come to share their experiences, consider new concepts, and develop
    whole community solutions to build more resilient communities. The ARRL
    is a longstanding member of NVOAD.

    The FEMA Disaster Emergency Communications News Clipping and Topics of Interest, Volume 8, Issue 6, for March 16-31, 2019 featured Amateur Radio-related items. The first, "WinLink Gains International Notoriety
    as a Critical Tool During and After Emergencies" (March 20, 2019), was submitted by FEMA Region IV Regional Emergency Communications
    Coordinator (RECC) Donnie Monette. The article was clipped from last
    month's ARES E-Letter article "ITU Teams with Americas' Telecoms and
    IARU, discusses WinLink," which highlighted the international
    integration of WinLink into emergency response operations. WinLink is a worldwide email service that is built, operated, and administered
    entirely by Amateur Radio operators.

    A second item, "Colorado ARES Volunteers Muster for 'Bomb Cyclone'
    Winter Storm," March 26, 2019, reported on ARES volunteers in Colorado
    stepping up as a mid-month "bomb cyclone" winter storm struck the
    state, with heavy rain shifting to heavy snowfall. The storm affected
    several states and led to significant flooding in Nebraska. [See
    related stories below].


    On Wednesday, March 13, a "bomb cyclone" hit Colorado and affected
    multiple states, including causing blizzards in Colorado and historic, significant flooding in Nebraska. ["Bomb Cyclone" is a colloquial term
    used to describe explosive cyclogenesis, the rapid deepening of an extra-tropical cyclonic low-pressure area. The change in pressure
    needed to classify something as explosive cyclogenesis is latitude
    dependent]. In Colorado, 96 MPH winds were reported in Colorado Springs
    and a record low pressure of 970.4 hPa was reported in Lamar. Accurate
    snow measurements were impossible.

    On Tuesday, ahead of the storm, Pikes Peak ARES
    <https://www.ppares.net/> alerted its personnel by email and the
    regularly scheduled Tuesday net and coordinated with a special cadre of
    ham radio operators in the newly constituted Pikes Peak Regional Office
    of Emergency Management (OEM) called the Special Communications Unit,
    or SCU. Most SCU members are also ARES members, but when called up by
    the OEM, they wear their SCU hats. The SCU deployed to the Emergency Coordination Center (ECC) Tuesday night and were ready to operate first
    thing in the morning. At the time, the Red Cross did not anticipate
    needing Pikes Peak ARES support, so the ARES district only anticipated performing weather spotting services for NWS Pueblo and relaying status information to the ECC.

    Come Wednesday morning, the timing of the storm had moved up quite a
    bit and the Red Cross had changed their mind and were now requesting
    ARES operators in four shelters. This created a problem getting enough volunteers in time and deploying them. Three ARES volunteers were
    identified and told to deploy, but by then the weather was so severe,
    only one was able to get through and that was a struggle. The only
    reason the one did not turn around was he felt it was less safe to try
    to turn back.

    At the request of NWS Pueblo, a formal weather net was established and
    ran in the formal mode for more than 10 hours, despite the Net Control,
    Sid White, K4ARM, and his back-up, Dick Stuart, KD8EQ, both losing
    power for several hours (KD8EQ was without power for roughly 24 hours).
    Both the SCU operators in the ECC and the NWS were able to directly
    interact with the approximately 70 operators who provided reports
    during the storm and its aftermath. The net would continue in an
    informal mode for another 16 hours until the SCU operators were
    released from the ECC.

    While the net started out as a weather net, it quickly became a common
    way for operators to report stranded motorists, requests for
    assistance, abandoned vehicles, Good Samaritan rescues (important so
    that the ECC could clear police, fire, rescue, and National Guard units
    from responding), shelter status, and requests about road conditions
    (the road conditions were "STAY PUT"). Estimates are that around 1000
    to 1500 motorists in El Paso county were stuck by the storm, with some motorists not being rescued until the next day.

    This event drove home the importance of a few things: First, be
    prepared. Second, get the message out early and get volunteers
    identified ahead of time, even if the served agency indicates they
    won't be needed - it is easier to tell someone to stand down than to
    get volunteers at the last minute and then deploy them too late. Third,
    never self-deploy. Many of the people who got stuck were people who
    went out on their own to rescue someone else - we do not want our
    operators to become the incident. Next, your own safety is paramount.
    If you don't think you can safely do what is asked of you, don't.

    Fifth, while Good Samaritan rescues are great, they cause a huge
    headache for the Incident Command and Coordination Centers. People need
    to check in with their IC or ECC/EOC or their served agency and they
    need to coordinate what they are doing. In this case, resources were
    wasted and lives were endangered because incident teams were dispatched
    to rescue people who had already been rescued by loosely organized
    groups of 4-wheel drive equipped Good Samaritans.

    And finally, when police, fire, OEMs, NWS, news media, etc. are telling
    people to stay home or seek shelter, follow their advice. There were
    way too many people on the roads to begin with despite the approaching
    storm having been talked about for days and warnings being issued.
    Whether people thought that just because they have a 4wd or SUV they
    would be OK, or they thought it wouldn't be that bad, or they just felt
    that they had to go buy something that day, they put a lot of lives at

    The Pikes Peak ARES operators and their SCU brethren performed a great
    service to their community, but hopefully we won't see another
    bombogenesis event for a long while. -- John Bloodgood, KD0SFY,
    Emergency Coordinator and Public Information Officer,
    Region 2 District 2, Colorado ARES (Pikes Peak ARES)

    Personal Perspective from the Nebraska Flood

    The March 2019 flood response in Fremont, Nebraska, commenced on
    Wednesday, March 13, 2019, in Dodge County Emergency Manager Tom
    Smith's office in the Dodge County Courthouse in Fremont, with the two
    of us discussing the situation. I was there to provide him with weather information via the National Weather Service (NWS), and to set up
    Amateur Radio communications support. The Thursday, March 14 rainfall
    report showed additional rain had fallen and Smith requested two
    additional operators. It was apparent that this was going to be a major
    flood operation, so Emergency Manager Smith and I moved to the Fremont
    Police Department where he set up the Emergency Operations Center
    (EOC), with phones, emergency power, and Wi-Fi, located adjacent to the
    911 Communications Center.

    Melvin Cunningham, K0VLA, established Omaha Metropolitan Medical
    Response System communications and base station at Methodist Fremont
    Health, and Steven Narans, WB0VNF, reported to the Lutheran Church
    shelter. They were relieved later by Frank Veverka, K0AJA, and Joseph
    Means, N0XAT, who was mobile and sent images and reports of the
    flooding. Other amateurs sent photos and reports to the base station
    and system.

    On Friday, Cunningham was asked to report to the EOC at 7 AM; I joined
    him at 10 AM. Field operations continued with Narans coordinating the
    placement of the volunteer hams. I provided three weather briefings a
    day at the EOC; answered weather questions and handled most of the
    coordination with the NWS. I coordinated with ARRL Nebraska Section
    Emergency Coordinator Edward Holloway, K0RPT, obtaining additional
    radio amateurs.

    As the flood operation continued, it became apparent that regular
    emergency management communications were holding up; we were there as a
    back-up service. The EOC closed at 5 PM on Friday, March 22, as the
    disaster response transitioned into the recovery mode.

    Over the course of my career with the NWS, I supported EOCs many times,
    but this was the first time that I actually operated in one. It has
    been an educational, enlightening, and rewarding experience. I did
    something that I thought might be making a difference in my own town in
    need, with my own friends. I am sure that is true for all volunteers in
    general and specifically for all the Amateur Radio volunteers. -- Dave Theophilus, W0NRW, Dodge County ARES

    [Steve Narans, WB0VNF, who was assigned by Theophilus to the shelter at
    the First Lutheran Church to help set up communications, filed this
    report (summarized): "We began to take in evacuees. The situation in
    Fremont continued to worsen with more residents affected - the shelter
    was stretched beyond capacity. Three more shelters were opened but the
    number of evacuees continued to rise. The amateur operators helped with
    the traffic flow of evacuees, incoming donations, ran hundreds of
    messages, and assisted with shelter needs for four days. Operators set
    up and operated a station at the Volunteer Resource Center (VRC) at
    Clamar School, which helped us with communications flow between the VRC
    and the shelters. We also helped set up a food and supply distribution
    center for affected residents, and provided communications.

    "On Tuesday March 19, I was appointed to help process donations coming
    in from around the country. On Friday, March 22, I was given the task
    of finding a warehouse for donations and supplies. I worked with the
    Salvation Army and AmeriCorps to develop a system of receiving,
    inventorying and shipping to two locations. Storage items included
    household furniture, appliances, and basic bedroom supplies, which
    included mattresses, bedding and blankets. An additional warehouse
    received all the donations for the victims of our flood - hygiene
    supplies, bottled water, food, clothes, bathroom supplies, etc.

    "The system work flow went perfectly, but they were many trips, near
    misses and confusion every step of the way. We worked through it,
    worked together as a team and made it work. I am now looking at ways
    that we can serve other cities in Dodge County. Every day is

    NOAA Warns of Increased Flood Risk this Spring

    The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) recently
    released the U.S. Spring Flood and Climate Outlook <http://links.govdelivery.com/track?type=click&enid=ZWFzPTEmbWFpbGluZ2lkPTIwMTk wNDA5LjQ0Njg4MjEmbWVzc2FnZWlkPU1EQi1QUkQtQlVML TIwMTkwNDA5LjQ0Njg4MjEmZGF0YWJhc2VpZD0xMDAxJnNlcmlhbD0xNzYwMjc2NCZlbWFpbGlkPWsx Y2VAYXJybC5vcmcmdXNlcmlkPWsxY2VAYXJybC5vcmcmZm w9JmV4dHJhPU11bHRpdmFyaWF0ZUlkPSYmJg==&&&109&&&https://www.climate.gov/news-fea tures/videos/us-flood-and-climate-outlook-spri ng-2019>.
    The majority of the country is expected to experience above-average precipitation this spring, increasing flood risk. Portions of the
    United States - especially in the upper Mississippi and Missouri River
    basins including Iowa, Minnesota and Nebraska - have already
    experienced record flooding this year. This early flooding was caused
    by rapid snow melt combined with heavy spring rain and late season
    snowfall in areas with high levels of soil moisture. The latest
    information for a specific area, including official watches and
    warnings are available at http://water.weather.gov <http://links.govdelivery.com/track?type=click&enid=ZWFzPTEmbWFpbGluZ2lkPTIwMTk wNDA5LjQ0Njg4MjEmbWVzc2FnZWlkPU1EQi1QUkQtQlVML TIwMTkwNDA5LjQ0Njg4MjEmZGF0YWJhc2VpZD0xMDAxJnNlcmlhbD0xNzYwMjc2NCZlbWFpbGlkPWsx Y2VAYXJybC5vcmcmdXNlcmlkPWsxY2VAYXJybC5vcmcmZm w9JmV4dHJhPU11bHRpdmFyaWF0ZUlkPSYmJg==&&&110&&&http://water.weather.gov/>.


    With the completion of a number of the major tasks that it had been
    assigned, including the establishment of the ARES Plan <http://www.arrl.org/files/file/Public%20Service/ARES/ARES%20Plan%20-%20rev%200 1-30%20-19.pdf>,
    a standard set of principles and guidelines for emergency preparedness volunteers, and the launch of the new volunteer database management
    program ARES Connect, a number of the original members of the Public
    Service Enhancement Working Group (PSEWG) have decided to step down and
    let another group of volunteers lead the PSEWG on to the next phase of
    tasks that need to be accomplished.

    ARRL Roanoke Division Director George "Bud" Hippisley, W2RU, is now the
    new chairman of the PSEWG, taking over that role from Great Lakes
    Division Director Dale Williams, WA8EFK. Williams stepped away from the
    PSEWG chairmanship upon being named chair of the ARRL's Programs and
    Services Committee, to which the PSEWG reports. Also joining the PSEWG
    as a new member is Northwestern Division Vice Director Mark Tharp,
    KB7HDX. Tharp takes over for Pacific Division Director James Tiemstra,
    K6JAT, who has been elected to the ARRL Executive Committee. Another
    original member of the PSEWG who recently stepped down from the group
    is former Northwestern Division Director Jim Pace, K7CEX, who decided
    not to run for re-election this past year.

    Continuing members of the PSEWG are ARRL Emergency Preparedness
    Assistant Ken Bailey, K1FUG; ARRL Field Organization Team Supervisor
    Steve Ewald, WV1X; and ARRL Communications Manager David Isgur, N1RSN.

    Among the issues that the PSEWG will be tackling in the months ahead:

    ? Developing a system for collaboration between ARES and the National
    Traffic System.

    ? Updates to the ARRL's EC-001 and EC-016 courses.

    ? Roll out of an ARES Taskbook

    ? Review and update of the ARRL's Ham Aid Kits Deployment Policy

    Currently the PSEWG conducts most of its deliberations by email coupled
    with a weekly or bi-weekly teleconference. Outgoing Chair Williams and
    Incoming Chair Hippisley both expressed their appreciation for the
    extensive ongoing support being provided to the PSEWG by HQ Staffers
    Ewald, Bailey, and Isgur. Hippisley also thanked Williams for the work
    he has done in leading the PSEWG since its inception more than three
    years ago. "I am grateful for the foundation that Dale and his team
    have established for us to build upon in the months ahead," Hippisley

    Also, the PSEWG wishes to express its thanks to the many field
    volunteers and emergency communications groups that provided input and
    review comments on the way to creating the ARES Plan that was approved
    at January's Board meeting. Hippisley added that he expects the PSEWG
    to again solicit and incorporate field input as it continues working on
    its remaining tasks.


    There are great things in the future for ARES with the program's new
    Strategic Plan - the ARES Plan <http://www.arrl.org/files/file/Public%20Service/ARES/ARES%20Plan%20-%20rev%200 1-30%20-19.pdf>
    -- and the training recommendations in the plan. I am anxious to see
    what the complete training program will look like, complete with the
    Task Book that is mentioned. I believe that the Task Book will be a
    good thing as it will be proof to emergency managers that the operators
    have an idea of what they are doing and may open some more doors to
    Amateur Radio. -- Jerry Palmer, N3KRX, ARRL Emergency Communications
    Course Mentor


    Fort Myers, Florida, February 25, 2019 - Florida's three Section
    Emergency Coordinators (from the Northern, West Central and Southern
    Florida ARRL Sections) met in February with State Emergency Management communication leaders to discuss improved integration of Amateur Radio
    during emergencies. The importance of Amateur Radio was realized in the aftermath of Hurricane Michael's destructive impact that directly
    affected communications from the area. In some counties, it was the
    only means of communicating with emergency management officials.

    A problem in coordinating these volunteer communicators was a lack of
    an effective Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between ARES and the
    State of Florida. During the meeting, this element was discussed, and a
    draft was presented for further consideration. The MOU, if agreed upon,
    will make ARES and Amateur Radio a valid resource that can be easily
    requested for an incident. Ben Henley, KI4IGX, West Central Florida
    Section Emergency Coordinator, said that "For the first time ARES will
    be integrated into the State Communication Team." This concept is one
    that is not currently established within the system and has resulted in
    the inability to pre-stage Amateur Radio assets prior to an incident
    like a hurricane.

    It was discussed how important the first 24 hours are during an
    incident when normal communication systems fail, requiring an effective
    backup service like Amateur Radio. To facilitate deployment of
    communication resources more effectively, the three Sections previously
    agreed to work together as one entity during an incident. According to
    Henley, "There is better cooperation among all three Florida Sections
    and the State of Florida."

    Changes to the current way in which ARES operators are credentialed,
    trained and deployed are necessary also. For this to happen it will
    require effort from everyone in the Florida Amateur Radio community.
    Karl Martin, KG4HBN, the Northern Florida Section Emergency
    Coordinator, said "This is a team effort -- without the team working
    together we get nothing accomplished."

    The SEC's and State leaders look forward to working together in the
    future to ensure an effective response when Amateur Radio backup
    communications is requested. - John Wells, W4CMH, ARRL PIO and Southern
    Florida Section Emergency Coordinator


    I found an item that is very helpful if readers need help passing the introductory ICS courses -- go here and download this document:


    It has a complete table of all the positions and their leaders and
    assistants with explanatory material on all portions of the Incident
    Command System -- it is just like the Armed Forces making every single
    boot camp recruit learn the chain of command in their branch. Keep this
    readily at hand while you are working your way through the ICS courses
    and looking at their exams; it may help significantly. -- Gordon Gibby,
    KX4Z, ARRL Emergency Communications Course Mentor, Gainesville, Florida


    NVIS Day in Ohio

    The ARRL Ohio Section is running its NVIS Day Saturday, April 27, 2019,
    from 10 AM-4 PM local time. Near Vertical Incidence Skywave, better
    known as NVIS, is a technique that allows operators to use HF
    transceivers for highly reliable short-range communication.

    The goal of the exercise is to have stations ready to establish and
    maintain high-reliability communication with other stations around Ohio
    when repeaters, phone, and internet service are impaired. When
    infrastructure isn't there, HF radio using NVIS propagation offers the
    ability to stay in contact on frequencies of 2-30 MHz for distances of
    about 30-400 miles. The exchange is six-digit grid square, power, and true--measured--signal report. Ohio amateurs can inform others when
    they'll be operating, and how to find them by registering here <https://forms.gle/rMar6gN2sWf4VUNu5>. -- C. Matthew Curtin, KD8TTE,
    Ohio Assistant SEC; and Stan Broadway, N8BHL, Ohio SEC


    If it wasn't for my Elmer (mentor), Bill Santelmann, N1AU, who passed
    away recently, I may not have composed this newsletter for you. More importantly, if it wasn't for Bill, I may not have enjoyed Amateur
    Radio so passionately for these past 43 years. Bill looked like a
    character out of an old Gil cartoon: he had a round, jovial face always
    with a big grin. Most of all, he loved helping new hams like me
    discover the wonders of Amateur Radio, especially contesting and public service. As a new ham in 1976, Bill extended to me a warm invitation to
    join the Lexington (Massachusetts) Amateur Radio Club (LARC), which I
    accepted. I served the club as newsletter editor, and when in 1979 I interviewed for the position of Membership Services Assistant at ARRL
    HQ, I presented several issues of the newsletter as evidence of writing ability. Bill played a profound role in not only my avocation, but my professional career as well. Thanks, Bill. - Rick Palm, K1CE


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